JTFDS-CD road repair

Staff Sgt. Peter Spackman a heavy equipment operator with Joint Task Force Counterdrug Region South
guides a team member driving a dump truck on Otay Mountain in Calif. Jan. 22. The engineering team is
working to rehabilitate portions of a road used by agents of the U.S. Customs and Border Protection to patrol
portions of the border fence dividing the United States and Mexico. (U.S. Army National Guard Photo/
Sgt. 1st Class Benjamin M. Cossel/ Released)

EASTERN SAN DIEGO COUNTY, Calif. - The blade on the grader operated by the California National Guard member is nearly as wide as the road itself. Buffeted on one side by a hill, the other side of the passageway is a precipitous drop off, the bottom some 30-40 feet down the canyon. Call it nerve-wracking, call it harrowing; these guys call it a day's work.

In addition to filling discovered tunnels, repairing portions of damaged border fencing or digging drainage ditches, engineer Soldiers of Joint Task Force Domestic Support-Counterdrug, have an oft called upon skill set: rehabilitating portions of back-country road used U.S. Customs and Border Protection agents to patrol the U.S. Mexico border.

On Jan. 22, four such Soldiers of the task force were deep in the switchbacks near the peak of Otay Mountain repairing roads - 100 painstaking feet at a time.

"The work my guys do out here make the roads safer, easier to access and allow for a faster by Border Patrol," 1st Sgt. Frank Guizar, said.

The day starts the night before. With a two-hour turnaround time between where the guys load up their raw material and the work site, time is of the essence.

"We'll typically prepare a load of Class 2 gravel in the dump trucks for the next day as one of our last tasks of each day," Staff Sgt. Joseph Camellari, non commissioned officer in charge, said.

As with everything along these roads cutting up and down the mountain, the mix has to be just right.

"You really only get one chance at this," Staff Sgt. Peter Spackman said. "Too dry and it separates once it hits the roads. Too wet and you'll never get it out of the dump trucks."

Before the crew can even begin working on the road, a grader has to smooth down the surface, knock loose any large rocks and prep it to take the gravel. One-by-one the dump trucks drop their cargo of gravel infused with a polymer-based emulsion used primarily to stabilize all soils from dust and erosion.

"It looks like Elmer's glue, it smells like Elmer's glue, it even feels like Elmer's glue," Staff Sgt Hillery Conedy, a heavy equipment operator with the task force, said.

"We like to refer to it as bondo for the road," Camellari said.

Once the gravel is laid down, the grader comes through again, smoothing down the rough patches. The final step, tamping down the gravel, is accomplished as Border Patrol agents spend countless hours crossing back and forth, their eyes facing south.

There's only one problem - these types of roads need constant rehabilitation.

"At least once a year, we're out here repairing these roads," Spackman said.

The once a year mantra assumes a January rain doesn't flood the road or run-off from the mountain doesn't wash it out.

"We do regular rehabilitation of the roads," Camellari said. "But, if Border Patrol identifies a stretch of road that needs work for whatever reason, we'll do it."

Even as budget constraints reduce Camellari's resources and ability to take on the never ending list of projects, the hard set, noncommissioned officer makes one thing exceptionally clear: "Safety is our top priority - safety for my Soldiers in everything we do, and safety of the agents we're out here helping with the work we do.

"Wrapping up the day, heading back to his logistics base on Naval Station North Island, Guizar puts the exclamation on Camellari's point.

"When we started working out here, this road was nothing more than a goat trail - A narrow, treacherous goat trail," Guizar said. "The work my guys have done out here has made it safer for Border Patrol as they protect us."